WHOIS协议和RDAP协议

RDAP协议:https://about.rdap.org/

问题:http://zgserver.com/rdapwhois.html

https://www.apnic.net/about-apnic/whois_search/about/rdap/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Registration_Data_Access_Protocol

WHOIS协议系统是用于查询域名是否被注册,以及注册相关的详细信息的系统。这个老旧的WHOIS协议将会被新的RDAP协议取代。

现有的WHOIS协议(RFC3912)是2004年由IETF制定发布,是用于查询互联网域名相关注册信息的重要基础性协议。

2012年5月,CNNIC联合ICANN、Verisign等国际机构,针对现有协议暴露出缺乏国际化支持机制、缺乏数据扩展机制、缺乏安全隐私保护机制等诸多问题而成立专项工作组,推动制订下一代WHOIS协议。

通过Internet信息查询协议WHOIS协议查询IP地址所在AS号


http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3730.html

下一代WHOIS协议即RDAP (Registration Data Access Protocol,注册数据访问协议)于2015年3月26日正式发布为IETF RFC国际技术标准(包括:RFC7480、RFC7481、RFC7482、RFC7483、RFC7484、RFC7485),该协议主要支持域名、IP地址、AS号、名字服务器以及实体的查询,其中域名、名字服务器和实体可以支持搜索功能。此外,还可支持IDN域名查询和搜索、查找WHOIS服务器的重定向、认证和数据访问权限三项具体功能。

互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今天宣布启动自愿参与的注册数据访问协议 (Registration Data Access Protocol, RDAP) 试点项目。该项目将于 2017 年 9 月 5 日启动,2018 年 7 月 31 日结束。注册数据访问协议 (RDAP) 使得用户能够访问当前的注册数据,该协议旨在替代 WHOIS 协议。

该试点项目旨在确立一个(或多个)基本面,用于指导实施、确立实施目标日期、编制一套 RDAP 解决方案的实施计划。启动一套试点项目将使得注册数据服务 (Registration Data Services, RDS) 运营商有机会获得操作经验,使得 RDS 数据的编制人和消费者都能参与并提供有价值的反馈意见。

这套自愿参与的 RDAP 试点项目是应 gTLD 注册管理机构利益相关方团体 (gTLD Registries Stakeholder Group) 的请求 [PDF, 93 Kb]而启动,并获得了注册服务机构利益相关方团体 (Registrar Stakeholder Group) 的大力支持。感兴趣的相关方能够在社群维基空间中参与这个试点项目。

注册数据访问协议(RDAP)与 WHOIS 协议相比具有以下优势:
1. 标准化查询、响应和出错信息。
2. 数据安全访问(例如:通过安全超文本传输协议 (HTTPS) 进行访问)。
3. 延展性(例如:增添输出元素更为方便)。
4. 提供自展机制,使得针对某个特定查询能够更方便地找到权威服务器。
5. 重定向/参考机制(例如:从简略注册定向至注册服务机构)。
6. 构建在大家熟知的网络协议超文本传输协议 (HTTP) 之上。
7. 注册数据的国际化支持。
8. 提供选项实现区别访问(例如:匿名用户可获得受限访问权;验证用户可获得完整访问权。)

翻译:怎样准确及时抢注域名

原文:Drop catching an Expiring Domain at the Right Time
网址:http://buywebsites.biz/249/dropcatching-an-expiring-domain-at-the-right-time/

域名抢注包括三部分:列出即将释放的域名列表;查询何时释放成为可注册状态;下单注册。手工抢注模式早已是传说,现在您需要抢注服务的帮助才能抢注到目标域名。

怎样即将释放的域名列表

我所知道的的提供即将删除/已经删除的域名列表资料的网站:
1. http://justdropped.com
2. http://dnmeter.com

您也可以下载GoDaddy提供的即将结束拍卖的域名列表:
网址:ftp://auctions@ftp.godaddy.com

查询何时释放成为可注册状态

抢注域名的前提是需要知道目标域名是否变更为可注册状态。你需要权限访问几乎是随时更新的WHOIS中心数据库(然而仅对注册商们开放权限),公开的WHOIS查询接口是有较大延迟的,不足为据。

你可以在Linux服务器上安装一个程序 jWhois :

yum -y install jwhois

Jwhois 可以帮助你获得WHOIS的所有重要资料:创建日期、过期日期、域名服务器、注册商等等。你也可以使用它批量查询域名。请注意WHOIS服务器对每个IP的WHOIS查询次数的限制。比如 .ORG 的 WHOIS 查询限制是每分钟最多4次查询。

为了抢注到目标域名,你需要从返回资料中等到【not found】这样的信标字段。

然后你才能迅速向注册商提交注册请求。

这是一份ICANN所认证的注册商列表:
网址:http://www.icann.org/registrar-reports/accredited-list

小的注册商不大可能和你竞争?不要让你的羊与狼共舞,不信试试看。

选择一个靠谱的域名抢注服务商

1. NameJet 和 SnapNames 是最大的2家域名抢注服务商。基本抢注价是 $69 ;如果有多人预订,那么会进入竞拍程序。

2. GoDaddy 也提供抢注服务。基本抢注价是 $20 ;如果有多人预订,那么会进入竞拍程序。

3. You can also find domain dropcatchers that don’t advertise by looking at who has registered a freshly dropped domain (check approximately an hour after the drop time). The best way to gauge the droptime is to note when Dynadot quits accepting bids on the dropping domain (about 15 minutes after that, the domain will drop). But some of these outfits look shady: BackorderZone / intrust domains / Bellnames / Dropwalk / Backorderzone.com are all owned by Epik and have been accused of being scam artists, so buyer beware. (They charge $49 per backorder, fyi).

4. Dynadot itself is actually one of the cheapest registrars at which to place a backorder. It costs about $17 to get a domain, but the success rate is low when compared to NameJet / SnapNames / Pool.

使用软件来抢注域名

Snatcher II is currently shut down, with a new version out in 2013 (under the name Snatcher 3, SiteSnatcher or DropKit). Product description from a user:

Snatcher is a drop catching software that can catch domains in “PENDING DELETE” status. It’s best to review the daily pending delete lists and find a domain you want. Then I would check Namejet or Snapnames to see if there are a bunch of bidders. If there isn’t then you stand a chance to grab it via Snatcher and register it through Dynadot (about $10 vs $59-69 to grab it via NameJet).

Every day (including weekends) .net/.com domains drop at 2 PM EST while .org domains drop at 9:30 AM. So normally I’ll sort through the lists and find one or possibly two I want to try to grab. Then set Snatcher to AUTO run when they begin to drop. The domains will drop (what seems to be randomly) beginning at 2 PM EST (for .net/.com). This sometimes takes 45 minutes before your domain will actually drop.

Software support has not been good. Update: he’s selling his entire business on Flippa.

Desktopcatcher.com $100 w/ coupon
http://www.namepros.com/for-sale-advertising-board/781717-new-drop-catching-software-released-desktopcatcher

Looks good: application currently supports four different registrars’ APIs including ResellerClub, Internet.bs, NameSilo, and DynaDot.

【参考】

https://sourceforge.net/projects/domainhunter/
比Tiny差在仅能支持.com.net

Home Page

Home


http://dropking.com/
http://dnware.com/
https://www.dnforum.com/forums/expired-domains-and-dropped-domains.149/page-4
https://www.namepros.com/threads/domain-drop-catching-101-new-non-api-php-drop-catching-system-snatcher.717778/

http://www.bulkavailability.com/

http://premiumdrops.com/

WordPress拍卖插件/模板汇集

测评:https://www.sourcewp.com/best-wordpress-auction-themes-and-plugins/
测评:https://www.template.net/cms-templates/wordpress-templates/wordpress-auction-themes/
测评:https://wpdevshed.com/free-and-premium-wordpress-auction-plugins/
测评:https://www.softwarefindr.com/best/wordpress-auction-themes/
测评:https://wpdean.com/best-wordpress-auction-themes/

【插件】

【WPGenie系列】

WooCommerce Simple Auctions

官网:http://wpgenie.org/
官网:https://codecanyon.net/item/woocommerce-simple-auctions-wordpress-auctions/6811382
演示:https://wpgenie.org/woocommerce-simple-auctions/auctions/

介绍:https://www.wcvendors.com/product/woocommerce-simple-auctions-integration/

可获版本:1.2.26
下载:https://dlgpl.com/woocommerce-simple-auctions-wordpress-plugin/

需要设置cron任务,保证拍卖状态的刷新:

Woocommerce Simple Auction recommends that you set up a cron job to check finished: https://auctions.namedog.com/?auction-cron=check. Set it to every minute| Hide Notice
Woocommerce Simple Auction recommends that you set up a cron job to send emails: https://auctions.namedog.com/?auction-cron=mails. Set it every 2 hours | Hide Notice
For automated relisting feature please setup cronjob every 1 hour: https://auctions.namedog.com/?auction-cron=relist. | Hide Notice

参考:http://wpgenie.org/woocommerce-simple-auctions/documentation/

WooCommerce Simple Auctions plugin uses cronjobs and you have to setup two cronjobs:

once a day: /usr/local/bin/curl –silent http://www.your-domain.com/?auction-cron=mails
every minute: /usr/local/bin/curl –silent http://www.your-domain.com/?auction-cron=check

参考:https://leonax.net/p/6370/use-real-wp-cron/

1. 禁用 WP Cron。在 wp-config.php 中添加一行:

define('DISABLE_WP_CRON', true);

2. 在 crontab 中添加一条新记录(不需要管理员权限):

*/10 * * * * curl http://example.com/wp-cron.php > /dev/null 2>&1

其中“*/10”表示每10分钟执行一次,你也可以改成其它周期,curl 是下载指定 url 的 linux 工具。修改 crontab 的命令是

crontab -e

注意,如果你用多个 WordPress 站点,比如使用了 WordPress multisite,你需要对每一个站点都 curl 一下,而 wp-config.php 只需要改一次。

还需要其他插件:

This theme requires the following plugins: Custom Post Type UI, Visual Composer and ZoTheme.

This theme recommends the following plugins: Contact Form 7, Newsletter, Revolution Slider, WooAuction and ZoDonations.

【YITH系列】

参考:https://gplcanyon.com/?s=yith

预订模块:YITH Pre-Order for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-pre-order/
演示:https://plugins.yithemes.com/yith-woocommerce-pre-order/

版本:1.4.9
下载:https://gfxall.com/wordpress-plugins/yith-pre-order-for-woocommerce-premium-v1-4-9.html

拍卖模块:YITH Auctions for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-auctions/
演示:https://plugins.yithemes.com/yith-woocommerce-auctions/

版本:1.2.4
下载:https://gplcanyon.com/yith-auctions-for-woocommerce-premium/

社会化登录模块:YITH Social Login for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-social-login/
演示:https://vimeo.com/125910673

版本:1.3.6
下载:https://gplcanyon.com/yith-woocommerce-social-login-premium/

会员等级模块:YITH Membership for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-membership/
演示:https://plugins.yithemes.com/yith-woocommerce-membership/

版本:1.3.11
下载:https://gplcanyon.com/yith-woocommerce-membership-premium/

余额模块:YITH Funds and Rewards for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-account-funds/
演示:https://plugins.yithemes.com/yith-woocommerce-account-funds/

版本:1.1.2
下载:https://gplcanyon.com/yith-woocommerce-account-funds-premium/

积分奖励模块:YITH Points and Rewards for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-points-and-rewards/
演示:https://plugins.yithemes.com/yith-woocommerce-points-and-rewards/

版本:1.5.7
下载:https://gplcanyon.com/yith-woocommerce-points-and-rewards-premium/

订单排序模块:YITH Sequential Order Number for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-sequential-order-number/
演示:https://vimeo.com/127919327

版本:1.2.4
下载:https://gplcanyon.com/yith-woocommerce-sequential-order-number/

信用卡支付接口模块:YITH Stripe for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-stripe/
演示:https://plugins.yithemes.com/yith-woocommerce-stripe/

版本:1.7.1
下载:https://gplcanyon.com/yith-woocommerce-stripe-premium/

收藏模块:YITH Save for Later for WooCommerce

官网:https://yithemes.com/themes/plugins/yith-woocommerce-save-for-later/
演示:https://vimeo.com/128783875

版本:1.0.12
下载:https://gplcanyon.com/yith-woocommerce-save-for-later-premium/

【其他插件】

WP Auctions – Premium Plugin for WordPress

官网:http://www.wpauctions.com/
演示:http://test.wpauctions.com/

免费版:WP Auctions v3.6.5
下载:https://wordpress.org/plugins/wp-auctions/
源码:https://github.com/wp-plugins/wp-auctions

商业版:WP Auctions v5.7
官网:http://www.mojo-themes.com/item/wp-auctions-premium-plugin/
下载:http://vk.com/doc130973095_224460688

Ultimate WordPress Auction Plugin

官网:https://auctionplugin.net/
演示:http://plugindemo.auctionplugin.net/

下载:https://wordpress.org/plugins/ultimate-auction/

Auction Nudge – Your eBay on Your Site

官网:https://www.auctionnudge.com/
演示:http://plugindemo.auctionplugin.net/

下载:https://wordpress.org/plugins/ultimate-auction/

WooCommerce Auctions Pro

官网:https://ignitewoo.com/woocommerce-extensions-plugins-themes/woocommerce-auctions/
演示:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbebMRJGP6A&feature=youtu.be
介绍:https://www.wpsolver.com/woocommerce-auctions-pro/

其功能分布值得参考。

Product Enquiry Pro Demo

官网:https://wisdmlabs.com/woocommerce-product-enquiry-pro/
演示:https://quoteup.wisdmlabs.com/

WP AuctionSoftware

官网:http://www.wpauctionsoftware.com/blogs/

【模板】

ThemeForest – Charitiz v1.6 – Charity, Donation & Auction WordPress Theme

Auction WooCommerce plugin – This plugin allow the frontend users can bid your auction products

官网:https://themeforest.net/item/charitiz-charity-donation-auction-wp-theme/11991190

PremiumPress – Auction v8.8 – Theme for WordPress

官网:http://www.premiumpress.com/wordpress-auction-theme/
演示:http://www.premiumpress.com/auctionthemedemo/

来源:http://findscripts.org/item/show-377580.html
下载:http://uploaded.net/file/29wwlp07/PremiumPress20Auction20-20for%20WordPress.rar

AuctionTheme – Sitemile Responsive WordPress Auction Theme

官网:https://sitemile.com/products/wordpress-auction-reverse-auction-theme/
演示:

下载:http://prefiles.com/tt5h8lam8dse/sitemile-Responsive.WordPress.Auction.Theme-v5.0.3.zip

SiteMile – Penny v1.1.1 – WordPress Auction Theme

来源:http://findscripts.org/item/show-154549.html
下载:http://www.putdocs.com/d/52A210391/b-penny111.rar.html
下载:无

报错:Found existing installation: pyparsing 1.5.6

如果使用 pip 安装 Python 模块时报错:

  Found existing installation: pyparsing 1.5.6
Cannot uninstall 'pyparsing'. It is a distutils installed project and thus we cannot accurately determine which files belong to it which would lead to only a partial uninstall.

参考:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_16162763/article/details/81158186
参考:https://blog.csdn.net/somilong/article/details/79399248
参考:https://blog.csdn.net/huihut/article/details/83038842

原因:安装 eppy 需要卸载我已安装的 1.5.6 版本的 pyparsing,再重新装新版本,但是无法卸载。

方法1:手动重装最新版 pyparsing

官网:https://pypi.org/project/pyparsing/
版本:pyparsing 2.3.0

sudo pip install -I pyparsing==2.3.0

方法1:强制升级 pyparsing ,然后安装 eppy :

sudo pip install --ignore-installed eppy

输出:

...
Successfully installed atomicwrites-1.2.1 attrs-18.2.0 beautifulsoup4-4.6.3 decorator-4.3.0 eppy-0.5.48 funcsigs-1.0.2 future-0.17.1 lxml-4.2.5 more-itertools-4.3.0 munch-2.3.2 pathlib2-2.3.3 pluggy-0.8.0 py-1.7.0 pydot-1.4.0 pyparsing-2.3.0 pytest-4.0.1 scandir-1.9.0 setuptools-40.6.2 six-1.11.0 tinynumpy-1.2.1

可见:pyparsing 1.5.6 已经强制升级为 pyparsing-2.3.0 ;eppy-0.5.48 已被成功安装。

怎样为Linux服务器部署Google Authenticator + SSH public key 实现两步认证

参考:https://blog.isec.me/2015/05/29/Google-Authenticator-SSH-public-key-%E5%AE%9E%E7%8E%B0%E4%B8%A4%E6%AD%A5%E8%AE%A4%E8%AF%81/
参考:https://www.howtoing.com/how-to-set-up-multi-factor-authentication-for-ssh-on-centos-7
参考:https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-set-up-multi-factor-authentication-for-ssh-on-centos-7
参考:http://www.cnblogs.com/hanyifeng/p/kevin4real.html
参考:https://blog.csdn.net/RBPicsdn/article/details/81155054